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Tourist at Sphinx, Giza Plateau

Tourists riding a camel in front of Giza pyramids

Ancient Egyptian medical instruments depicted in a Ptolemaic period inscription on the temple at Kom Ombo.

Glassmaking was a highly developed art.

An Egyptian chariot

Anubis was the ancient Egyptian god associated with mummification and burial rituals; here, he attends to a mummy.

The Ka statue

The Book of the Dead


The Bust of Nefertiti

Temple of Horus at Edfu

The ancient Egyptians maintained a rich cultural heritage complete with feasts and festivals accompanied by music and dance.


Statues depicting lower-class Ancient Egyptian occupations.

Ostraca of hunting a lion with a spear aided with dog.

Edwin Smith surgical papyrus

Rosetta stone

Sennedjem plows his fields with a pair of oxen, used as beasts of burden and a source of food.



Scribes were elite and well educated. They assessed taxes, kept records, and were responsible for administration.


Punishment in Ancient Egypt.


The Fayum mummy portraits

25th Dynasty

Around 730 BC Libyans from the west fractured the political unity of the country

Four colossal statues of Ramesses II

The maximum territorial extent of Ancient Egypt (15th century BC)

Amenemhat III, the last great ruler of the Middle Kingdom

Khafre Enthroned

The Giza Pyramids

The Narmer Palette

A typical Naqada II jar decorated with gazelles. (Predynastic Period)

Map of ancient Egypt, showing major cities and sites of the Dynastic period (c. 3150 BC to 30 BC)

The Great Sphinx

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